Units plant flavoring seasonings
This method covers several procedures applicable to spices, herbs, and botanicals that consist of dried plant parts which have been processed and marketed in various sizes and forms. Included in this group are parts of plants such as dried leaves, seeds, fruits, bark, roots, stems, buds, and flowers. General Method -- Procedures applicable to macroscopic examination of most of these products fall into two categories:. Defects in these products may be categorized as due to insect infestation, contamination by animals, mold development, or contamination by extraneous material.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Making Your Own Spices From Scratch
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- All Spices & Herbs
- ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPICE COMPANY
- Meat+Poultry RedBook
- PROSEA, Introduction to Spices
- Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Spices
- Your Ultimate Guide to Kitchen Herbs and Spices
- Skip to Main Content - Keyboard Accessible
- Seeds, Nuts, Herbs, & Spices
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration
- Spice Alley Dictionary
All Spices & Herbs
This is a synopsis of unrefereed information gleaned from various web resources. Its purpose is to give you an idea of the beliefs and claims made about these substances which have been used since ancient times by many human cultures and civilizations in the ways indicated.
Although much of this information may be true, there is no guarantee of that. Some of this information may not be true and there may be unrecognized hazards associated with the use of some of these substances.
So, accept this information with caution and always discuss any medical condition or alternative therapy with your physician. Scientific Name s : Eugenia caryophyllata.
Common Name s : Clove , caryophyllus. Uses of Clove. Clove has been used for its antiseptic and analgesic effects and has been studied for use as an anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory effects.
However, research reveals little or no clinical data on the use of clove for any indication. The clove plant grows in warm climates and is cultivated commercially in Tanzania, Sumatra, the Maluku Molucca Islands, and South America.
The tall evergreen plant grows up to 20 m and has leathery leaves. The clove spice is the dried flower bud. Essential oils are obtained from the buds, stems, and leaves. The buds or cloves are strongly aromatic.
Clove has a long history of culinary and medicinal use. The oil was used as an expectorant and antiemetic with inconsistent clinical results. Clove tea was used to relieve nausea. Use of the oil in dentistry as an analgesic and local antiseptic continues today. It also has been used topically as a counterirritant.
The bud also contains a tannin complex, a gum and resin, and a number of glucosides of sterols. Other constituents include flavonoids, carbohydrates, lipids, oleanolic acid, rhamnetin, and vitamins.
Clove oil is applied for the symptomatic treatment of toothaches and is used for the treatment of dry socket postextraction alveolitis. Clove oil is reported to have antihistaminic and antispasmotic properties, most likely due to the presence of eugenyl acetate. Cloves are also said to have a positive effect on healing stomach ulcers.
As with many other volatile oils, clove oil inhibits gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Clove oil also has anthelminthic properties. Scientific Name s : Cinnamomum verum , C. Common Name s : Cinnamon, cinnamomon, ceylon cinnamon, Chinese cinnamon, Chinese cassia, Saigon cinnamon. Uses of Cinnamon. Cinnamon is used as a spice and an aromatic. The bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea.
Research interest has focused on cinnamon's potential as an insulin-like analog, an anti-inflammatory agent, an antioxidant, and an antimicrobial substance. Cinnamon spice is derived from the brown bark of the tree by grinding the bark into a fine powder.
Differing material origins and extraction techniques are reported to alter the chemical composition of the extracts, and hence may impact the intended medicinal and experimental effects. Antimicrobial activity. Conflicting evidence exists for the action of cinnamon on Helicobacter pylori.
Cinnamon extracts have been shown to exert in vitro activity against some common human pathogens and fungicidal activity against plant pathogens. In vitro inhibition of bacterial endotoxin has been demonstrated by an unidentified component in cinnamon bark. The essential oils of cinnamon were shown to halt mycelial growth and aflatoxin synthesis in Aspergillus parasiticus at a concentration of only 0.
Scientific Name s : Myristica fragrans. Common Name s : Nutmeg, mace, magic, muscdier, nux moschata, myristica oil, muskatbaum. Uses of Nutmeg. Nutmeg and mace, widely accepted as flavoring agents, are used in higher doses for their aphrodisiac and psychoactive properties.
Mace and nutmeg are 2 slightly different flavored spices, both originating from the fruit of the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans. This slow-growing evergreen grows to more than 20 m and is cultivated in India, Ceylon, Malaysia, and Granada. The fruit, which is called a drupe or a nutmeg apple, is similar in appearance to a peach or an apricot.
When the mature fruit splits open, the nutmeg stony endocarp or seed surrounded by a red, slightly fleshy network or aril is exposed. The dried aril alone is called mace. The nut is removed and dried to produce nutmeg. Nutmeg is a widely used food spice that has received attention as an alternative hallucinogen.
Nutmeg and mace have been used in Indian cooking and folk medicine. The folk uses of nutmeg have included the treatment of gastric disorders and rheumatism, and it has been used as a hypnotic and an aphrodisiac. During the 6th century AD, nutmeg and mace were imported by Arab traders.
By the 12th century, these spices were well known in Europe. At the turn of the 19th century, interest developed in the use of nutmeg as an abortifacient and a stimulant for menses. These properties have been largely discounted but remain a persistent cause of nutmeg intoxication in women.
This oil contains myristic acid, trymiristin, and glycerides of lauric, tridecanoic, stearic, and palmitic acids. The essential oil contains myristicin, elemicin, eugenol, and safrole. The essential oils of nutmeg and mace are very similar in chemical composition and aroma, with wide color differences brilliant orange to pale yellow. Mace oil appears to have a higher myristicin content than nutmeg oil.
Also present in the oil are sabinene, cymene alpha-thujene, gamma-terpinene, and monoterpene alcohols in smaller amounts. Phenolic compounds found in nutmeg are reported to have antioxidant properties.
Other isolated compounds include the resorcinols malabaricone B and malabaricone C, as well as lignans and neolignans. Antimicrobial effects. The oils of mace and nutmeg and their individual components have been assessed for their antimicrobial activity in vitro. Activity has been shown against some oral microorganisms, including S. Activity against other bacteria includes some strains of Escherichia coli , some strains of Salmonella typhi , Bacillus subtilis , Staphylococcus aureus , and Listeria monocytogenes.
Anti-viral effect has also been reported against human rotavirus. Reports of activity against fungi is conflicting, with no activity against Aspergillus but activity against some dermatophytes has been found.
The spices cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, bay leaves contain eugenol, a clear to pale yellow oily liquid with a pleasant, spicy, clove-like odor, that can be extracted from the essential oils from these plants.
Eugenol is used in perfumeries, flavorings, essential oils and in medicine as a local antiseptic and anaesthetic.
Combining zinc oxide and eugenol forms zinc oxide eugenol which can be used as a filling or cement material used in dentistry. It is classified as an intermediate restorative material and has anaesthetic and antibacterial properties. It is sometimes used in the management of dental caries as a "temporary filling". Scientific Name s : Origanum vulgare. Common Name s : Mediterranean oregano, mountain mint, wild marjoram, winter marjoram, wintersweet.
Uses of Oregano. Aside from its culinary application, oregano exhibits antimicrobial and antioxidant actions and has possible activity as an antispasmodic and in diabetes. However, there is no clinical evidence to support the use of oregano in any indication. Common or wild oregano is a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region and Asia and cultivated in the United States.
Its creeping rootstock produces a square, downy, purplish stem with opposite ovate leaves. Stems can grow up to 76 cm tall and are dotted with small depressions. Purple, 2-lipped flowers grow in terminal clusters from July to October. Oregano has been a common ingredient in Spanish, Mexican, and Italian dishes as a spice and flavoring agent for hundreds of years.
Its initial purpose was as a warming digestive and circulatory stimulant. It has been used in perfumery for its volatile oil contents, especially in scenting soaps. The antiseptic qualities of aromatic and medicinal plants and their extracts have been recognized since antiquity. It has been suggested that an infusion of the fresh herb is beneficial in treating an upset stomach and indigestion, headache, colic, and nervous complaints, as well as for coughs and other respiratory ailments.
An infusion of the flowers has been used to prevent seasickness. The oil has been used externally in liniments and lotions and to ease toothache. It has also been used as an ant repellent. Oregano contains oleanolic and ursolic acids, flavonoids and hydroquinones, caffeic, rosemarinic, and lithospermic acid, tannins, and phenolic glycosides. The polar phenols thymol and carvacrol are responsible for many of the properties of the essential oil, as well as p-cymene and terpinene.
Studies have compared the effects of oregano essential oil, thymol, and carvacrol on fungi. All 3 completely inhibited fungal growth of Aspergillus and Penicillium species. Oregano oil also appears to have some activity against Candida species, possibly because of its carvacrol content.
The volatile oils of oregano have demonstrated in vitro antibacterial activity against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms including Listeria, Pseudomonas, Proteus, Salmonella , and Clostridium species, as well as some methicillin-resistant Staphylococci.
Low to moderate activity against Helicobacter pylori has been reported.
ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPICE COMPANY
The specific artificial color used in a food shall be identified on the labeling when so required by regulation in part 74 of this chapter to assure safe conditions of use for the color additive. In cases where the flavor contains both a natural flavor and an artificial flavor, the flavor shall be so labeled, e. In cases where the flavor contains a solely artificial flavor s , the flavor shall be so labeled, e.
Just as food absorbs the flavor of spices, it absorbs the attitude of those who cook and serve it. Seeds, nuts, herbs, and spices have their own special places in food production. They all improve food value with respect to nutrition and fibers. They bring medicinal value to the food. They are the food additives that bring flavors, enhance taste and aroma, and increase beauty of the food.
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PROSEA, Introduction to Spices
Herbs and spices provide our foods and beverages with a wonderful array of flavors, fragrances, and colors. A herb is a whole or part of plant that is used to flavor food. This is usually the softer stems or leaves of plants and can be whole, ground, fresh, or dried. A spice is a substance that is used to flavor food and is derived from a dried plant and usually a seed, bark, or root part and is normally ground and powdered; although in some cases they may be whole seeds. Dried herbs are best used in recipes where there is plenty of time for them to cook in as they need enough time soak up some of the water to rehydrate.
Becoming a good cook involves having a wide range of flexibility when it comes to flavoring your food. The balance of herbs, spices, and flavors can make all the difference in the world when wanting to bring out the natural flavors or enhance the flavors of ingredients. While the topic of flavors and flavor profiles is quite deep, I will start with a comprehensive guide on the types of herbs and spices and how they can enhance your food. Setting up a spice and herb headquarters in the kitchen should be a top priority for the serious chef.
Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Spices
Definitions of spices abound in the literature. The ISO lists a total of spices. This specification appears to emphasize the fact that for the most part spice products are traded internationally in the dried form. However, spices can also be used fresh, particularly in areas of production.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: The Spice Factory
We carry over bulk herbs and spices in our store. Our s pices are sold by the ounce unless otherwise stated. Most of our spices are provided by Frontier Co-op unless marked otherwise. Our Adobo seasoning features the perfect blend of garlic, onion, and black pepper, along with several other supporting spices. Use to add depth to meats, poultry, fish, beans, and rice dishes. The powdered form is an excellent gelling agent and thickener in a variety of foods including jams, jellies, pudding, icings, soups and even ice-cream.
Your Ultimate Guide to Kitchen Herbs and Spices
Infectious diseases caused by pathogens and food poisoning caused by spoilage microorganisms are threatening human health all over the world. The efficacies of some antimicrobial agents, which are currently used to extend shelf-life and increase the safety of food products in food industry and to inhibit disease-causing microorganisms in medicine, have been weakened by microbial resistance. Therefore, new antimicrobial agents that could overcome this resistance need to be discovered. Many spices—such as clove, oregano, thyme, cinnamon, and cumin—possessed significant antibacterial and antifungal activities against food spoilage bacteria like Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens , pathogens like Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus , harmful fungi like Aspergillus flavus , even antibiotic resistant microorganisms such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, spices have a great potential to be developed as new and safe antimicrobial agents. This review summarizes scientific studies on the antibacterial and antifungal activities of several spices and their derivatives. Microbial pathogens in food may cause spoilage and contribute to foodborne disease incidence, and the emergence of multidrug resistant and disinfectant resistant bacteria—such as Staphylococcus aureus S. Weak acids such as benzoic and sorbic acids [ 2 ], which are commonly applied in food industry as chemical preservatives to increase the safety and stability of manufactured foods on its whole shelf-life by controlling pathogenic and spoilage food-related microorganisms [ 3 ], can result in the development of microbiological resistance [ 4 ].
May be purchased as whole, dried berries or ground. When using whole berries, they may be bruised--gently crushed with the bottom of a pan or other heavy instrument--to release more of their flavor. ANISE Green-gray fruit or seed of plan of parsley family; available whole and in extracts; unmistakable strong licorice flavor.
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As you begin to explore the wonderful world of spices, herbs, and seasonings, you will probably come across various terms and references that may be new or unclear. From the botany and ecology of various plants, to the chemical components that determine flavor, references to the ancient spice trade, and regional cooking vocabulary — the Spice Alley Dictionary helps to define these terms and give context to the information you're absorbing on your journey. East India Company A British trading company established in the s for the purpose of trade with Asia and India, primarily the East India spice trade. Up until that point, the spice trade had been a monopoly of Spain and Portugal.
Seeds, Nuts, Herbs, & Spices
New World herbs and Spices. The New World has contributed only 3 significant spices to our repertoire: allspice, capsicum peppers, and vanilla. Same family as cloves.
Contents - Previous - Next. The process flow chart for selected herb and spice products is shown in Fig. The quality assurance procedures in the table are discussed in more detail in the following chapter. Most dried foods are comparatively low risk products in terms of causing food poisoning as they rely upon drying to a sufficiently low moisture content to prevent the multiplication of micro-organisms. However, herbs and in particular spices, are an exception and commonly contain very high levels of micro-organisms including those that cause food poisoning.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
The mission of Rocky Mountain Spice Company is to provide our customers with high quality, delicious tasting, healthy ingredients and custom blends within a sustainable and nature-respecting environment. We are a major source of ingredients and custom blends for the restaurant and food manufacturing industry and the first stop shop for wholesalers, retailers and online consumers. We operate a 40 thousand square foot blending and manufacturing facility. Our extremely sophisticated blending operations and packaging lines provide our customers with almost unlimited opportunities and flexible solutions. Rocky Mountain Spice Company has an extensive library of quality seasoning blends and dry mixes packaged from a few ounces in retail packaging to large bulk wholesale containers. Many of our mixes can be Kosher certified, all natural or organic certified, or gluten free, so make sure to let us know your preference.
Spice Alley Dictionary
- Похоже, вышла какая-то путаница. - Он положил руку на плечо Чатрукьяна и проводил его к двери. - Тебе не нужно оставаться до конца смены.
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