Plant building ready-made hemp-jute fabrics
Hemp has been grown and used in the UK for thousands of years and was once one of the most valuable commodities in the country, if not the world. Here is a brief account of the history of hemp being grown, processed and used in the UK - a nod to a plant that was once so entwined with British culture. Some sources suggest hemp was brought to Britain from Asia at around BC. Roman and Anglo-Saxon hemp findings in this country date back to - AD, while findings from a number of geographically dispersed locations within the UK have been dated back to the early 12th century. The cultivation and use of hemp in the UK proliferated from the Elizabethan era roughly AD - AD onwards, right up to the mid-nineteenth century. This enormous appetite for hemp fuelled many coastal economies and supported thousands of jobs.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Processing Hemp Fibers - Combing Spinning
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Colored Hemp Rope
Marathonos 19th Km Pikermi. Research Organisations. Contact the organisation. Administrative Contact. Efthymia Alexopoulou Dr. Sort alphabetically. Sort by EU Contribution. Expand all. Collaboration between Chinese and European researchers will increase the use of fibre crops to produce eco-friendly textiles, cosmetics and even building materials. Traditional fibre crops like cotton, flax and hemp are becoming important raw materials for non-textile applications such as eco-friendly building materials, cosmetics, medicines and chemicals.
Since China is by far the biggest producer of these crops, EU researchers have collaborated with Chinese colleagues to develop innovative fibre-based products. The intention has been to develop common long-term goals and activities in fibre research. This was achieved through workshops, twinning events showcasing each partner's research activities, and training courses and summer schools held in both China and Europe.
An advisory board of fibre crop specialists has coordinated the project's activities, along with Chinese experts in breeding, genetics and textiles. FIBRA partners used genetic information and insight into agricultural growing practices and processing techniques to optimise fibre crops' raw materials for multiple uses. They also turned fibre crops into green chemicals and energy by developing a biorefinery production chain.
As well as traditional fibre crops, FIBRA also used feedstocks like miscanthus, giant reed, switchgrass and bamboo as alternative crops.
Such high-yielding, low-input crops could provide the raw materials for production of paper, bioenergy or building materials. FIBRA has successfully widened the participation of stakeholders and implemented a common research programme to fulfil the integration of EU policy targets. It has also improved training opportunities for scientists in both the EU and China through summer schools, training courses and short-term exchanges. This exchange of know-how will help to improve the utilisation of fibre crops in both the EU and China, through increased productivity and innovation.
English EN. English en. Deutsch de. No suggestions found. Sign in. Results Packs. About us. Fact Sheet. Result in Brief. Project website. Status Closed project. Start date 1 September End date 30 November Objective The FIBRA network has as main target to link the research and development activities for fibre crop innovations carried out by universities and institutions in both EU and China. This proposal is set up to promote the communication between experts about the key issues of fibre crop production, processing and application, while attention towards quality and efficiency improvement, and product diversification will result in improved markets and enhanced economic scope for sustainable fibre crop production in EU and China.
The creation of opportunities for networking and cooperation between experts from different disciplines from China and EU will result in a better exchange of know-how and is expected to bring the state of the art of fibre crop utilization to a higher level on both sides.
The FIBRA network is set up to optimize the information exchange on specialized topics for fibre crop productivity, and innovation. Field of Science attention productivity commerce sustainable economy crops. Topic s KBBE. Activity type Research Organisations. Website Contact the organisation.
Administrative Contact Efthymia Alexopoulou Dr. HempFlax Exploitatie Bv. Fibre crops researched by EU-China consortium Collaboration between Chinese and European researchers will increase the use of fibre crops to produce eco-friendly textiles, cosmetics and even building materials. Discover other articles in the same domain of application.
Rethinking water management. Fibre crops are and will be the future raw materials not only for the textile industry, but also for eco-friendly building materials, particleboards, insulation boards, cosmetics, medicine and source for other bio-polymers, agro and chemicals. Interest in natural fibres is also increasing lately due to new environmental legislation and concerns, resulting in a growing market for biodegradable and recyclable materials.
According to part of the plant that the fibres can be obtained categorized to bast, leaf, grass, seed hairs, palm and woody fibres www. Bast fibers contribute an exceedingly small fraction of world textile fibre supply, which is overwhelmingly dominated by cotton. Conversely, more than one sixth of the global production is supplied by China FAO, EU and China are both major players in the field of fibre crops.
In Europe the major fibre crops are cotton, hemp and flax, while in China, bast fibres are the ones with the highest importance flax, kenaf, ramie and jute. Along with bast fibre crops, high yielding crops like miscanthus, giant reed, switchgrass and bamboo are alternative and innovative fibre crops.
Whether their fibres quality is lower than that of bast fibres, the high productivity associated with a low energy requirement, could make them interesting feedstocks for papermaking, bio-building or biopolymers, and bioenergy purposes. The experienced FIBRA consortium and the high quality events that were organised resulted in the collection of important information of fiber crops that presented on both project deliverables and reports and project website reports, presentations, etc.
The specific project objectives were: 1. To develop a resource efficient system via optimisation of raw material from fibre crops for multiple uses crops breeding, crops agronomy, logistics, integrated assessment WP1 2. To support the biorefinery concept for processing fibre crops WP2 3. To improve training opportunities in the area of fiber crops to European and Chinese scientists WP5 6. To provide a long term vision on future common research activities that will contribute to the international policies of the EU WP6 7.
To disseminate the project results WP7 The work that had been done in each work package in order the specific objectives of the project to be fulfilled is presented below.
The first task focused on genetics and genomics, the second task on ecological adaptation and agricultural practices and the third on harvesting, processing and logistics of the fibre crops in both EU and China. It should be pointed out that quite important information of fiber crops optimisation was collected from the first and the second thematic workshops that took place in Rome March and in Poznan June as well as from the three summer school July , July and July Task 2.
The information that was collected from all these events was taken into consideration in the final formation of the deliverable of second work package. In WP2 task 2. In WP3 it was achieved through the thematic workshops the third one was organised in the third reporting period, Task 3. The themes of the workshops were: genetics and genomics of fibre crops second reporting period , agronomy and logistics first reporting period and fibre crops in a biorefinery concept third reporting period.
The presentations that were made as well as the discussion that took place in round tables discussion were consolidated in fact sheets. In WP4 the wide-range networking was ensured through the organisation of two large set of twinning events one in Europe and one in China in which current projects coordinators were invited to make presentations and to deliver a Feedback report after each twinning event Task 4.
Additionally, in task 4. To improve training opportunities in the area of fiber crops to European and Chinese scientists WP5 MM39 The training opportunities of the European and Chinese scientists on fibre crops were improved through WP5. This was done through the three summer schools Task 5. Through the three summer schools a number of exchanges of researchers were supported. To provide a long term vision on future common research activities that will contribute to the international policies of the EU WP6 M The high level information that was collected and evaluated by: a the FIBRA consortium and the Advisory board both having outstanding expertise on fibre crops and b the wide coordination activities through the workshops, twinning set events, exchange and training opportunities of researchers and FIBRA conference build the long term vision of fibre crops on future research activities in EU and China WP6 that included wider industrial participation and improved training opportunities of researchers.
A science- and policy-based consultation with the honorable members of the Advisory Board and the Chinese Mirror Group gave more confidence in scenarios for the future being on the right track.
In task 7. Furthermore, information on products and markets has been presented and analysed. The environmental implications had been critically analysed as well as their sustainability. In the last part of the project the bottlenecks have been detected and possible solutions had been proposed. Finally, a comprehensive review for a long-term vision on futures cooperation activities between EU and China in the area of natural fibres has been proposed.
Mass selection was used in the past to select the most important cultivars, such as Carmagnola in Italy or Novosasdka konoplia in Yugoslavia. In mass selection pollination cannot be controlled and any improvement in fiber content is very slow. In , the number of registered hemp cultivars increased to 45, in the list contained 46 industrial hemp cultivars and currently the number of cultivars registered for the EU is 51 reflecting the increased interest in the crop.
According to archeological finds and ancient records, it has been more than years since China started cultivating hemp for fiber and seed. In s, several cultivars were developed and, although rarely, some are still used in production now.
From the 70s till the end of the 20th century limited research on hemp breeding was carried out. In the past decade, many new applications for hemp biomass have arisen and they have been accompanied with the development of related industries and an increase in hemp cultivation area in China. FLAX: Flax, being an ancient crop, has performed a significant role throughout human history.
Plant Fibres for Textile and Technical Applications
Sfiligoj Smole, S. Hribernik, K. Stana Kleinschek and T. Advances in Agrophysical Research. Recently natural and made-man polymer fibres are used for preparation of functionalised textiles to achieve smart and intelligent properties.
Extraction, processing, properties and use of hemp fiber
Content revised: File last modified:. Although we do not know of other animals doing so, human beings universally twist long strips of natural fibers in various ways to modify their environment, often using great ingenutiy. A strip of bark used to tie the sticks of a fence together, as shown here, suggests how simple this can be. Unfortunately most manipulation of natural fibers is also archaeologically invisible, leading us to focus on ancient and prehistoric stone technology and often to overlook the technologies of plant and animal processing. Cloth is rarely preserved in the archaeological record, but it is likely that plant-fiber cloth of various kinds has been used just as long as animal skins to keep humans warm and protect them from insects, thorns, sunburn, and other harm. No one knows how long plant fibers have been used to make nets for use in hunting and fishing or bags to carry things. This page includes some basic background about the nature of some of the commonest fibers that we know to have been used through much of human history.
Thick Jute Twine
Thick Jute Twine. Jute Twine - Thick - Metres. Need help learning the basics of crochet? Huge Catalog!
This site is for general and professional education purposes. Information on the basics of Economic Botany. Economic Classification Fibers. Soft or Bast Fibers.
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Colored Hemp Rope. More about Item. You searched for: colored hemp rope! Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and one-of-a-kind products and gifts related to your search.
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A Brief History of Hemp in the UK
Marathonos 19th Km Pikermi. Research Organisations. Contact the organisation. Administrative Contact. Efthymia Alexopoulou Dr.
Natural and organic fibers become more and more popular these years. Most of the people come to realize that nature, soft and healthy are the most important things of the textile. Hemp fiber is naturally one of the most environmentally friendly fibers and also the oldest.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn , yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes.
What is Hemp Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where
These solutions for Fibre To Fabric are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Science Fibre To Fabric Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. Write two examples for each of the following. Plant fibres
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