Space product linen, hemp, kenaf and jute fibers
Hemp meaning in telugu. Hemp is refined into products such as hemp seed foods, hemp oil, wax, resin, rope, cloth, pulp, paper, and fuel. Hibiscus cannabinus. Whey is probably the most common and most cost effective of the protein supplements that you can do buy. Learn more. It has been used by humans throughout recorded history for its fiber, for its psychological and physiological potential as a source of drug material, and for the nourishment and oil of its seeds.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: (sisal/hemp/jute/ramie/kenaf) Natural Fiber Carding Machine
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- Textile manufacturing
- Hemp meaning in telugu
- Making Car Interior Components: Jute fibre shows huge potential
- How to Wash 10 Natural Fiber Fabrics
- Natural Fiber Composites Slowly Take Root
- USDA Crop Fiber Research Collection
- Natural Cellulose Fibers Upgrading
- A Short Guide About Jute: Uses/Products, Growing & More
- Natural Fibers for Sustainable Bio-Composites
Containing 50, reference cards, thousands of reprints, manuscript materials, photographs, and specimens, the collection is particularly vital to research interests and projects involving the use of natural fibers. The collection spans the years to with the bulk of the collection dating from to It occupies boxes and linear feet of shelf space. Materials are in good condition.
The collection was partially re-housed and arranged by Connie Maas and Karen Sichelman from to Labels and titles on the items in this collection sometimes contain alternate spellings or typographical errors.
Latin plant names were standardized in the finding aid to simplify keyword searching. We have aimed to correct all typos please call our attention to any we missed. Some alternate English spellings of other words were kept in their original forms, especially those appearing in published titles.
You may need to search more than one spelling for better results. For example:. He reported on his observations of European fiber plant culture, processing methods, and manufacture. Domestic fiber production was expected to save millions of dollars that the U. The report gained international attention as an authoritative source of information on flax and hemp.
The Office of Fiber Investigations also accumulated a large collection of domestic and international raw fiber samples. The collection became a national resource for fiber study. Later, cooperative research was expanded to other parts of the United States, especially Michigan, Wisconsin, Oregon, California, Florida, and Maryland.
The Dewey Index grew to over 1, index cards containing references to thousands of indexed publications, reprints, and reports. USDA ended its research on plant fibers other than cotton in Staff was reassigned, but a few interested scientists continued updating the fiber reference collections. Elton Glen Nelson, a botanist, was a long-time curator. He maintained the fiber index from his retirement in until the late s. Many of the materials are rare or unique.
The collection occupies linear feet of shelf space, and fills boxes. The materials were organized by early USDA fiber specialists. They served as reference tools used by staff in the Office of Fiber Plant Investigations. These resources supplied information that could be distributed to growers or used to answer public inquiries about fiber plants around the world.
References date from the turn of the 20th century until the s. The collection is divided into two main groupings: materials produced by internal agencies of USDA, and those that came from outside publishers and other agencies.
Externally published materials and reports from other agencies were collected primarily for reference and distribution purposes. These include:. Foreign Service. Collection materials originally occupied filing cabinets and book cases in the fiber investigations office.
Complex instructions for using the index and accompanying materials were prepared by more recent fiber experts. These instructions are preserved with the collection to illustrate how it was arranged and used by the fiber office staff. The Dewey Index was originally created by Lyster H.
Dewey and consists of a card index containing references to literature on fiber plants. The cards are arranged alphabetically by genus and species. Major species sections are further subdivided into topical areas, such as cultural aspects, fertilizer usage, crop yields, diseases, pests, fiber quality, processing methods, and geographical locations of the plant subject.
Information indexed here includes literature on fiber history, planting information from Arlington Experimental Farm, transcribed letters, notes, documented conversations with visitors to the Fiber Office, consular reports, bibliographic records, and abstracts. In some cases, the document described on a card is contained in a small envelope attached to the back of the card.
These cards consist of brief, type-written statements or references to materials filed in the Office of Fiber Investigations. Please note that the correspondence files were discarded by the Office of Fiber Investigations in the late s and are thus not available for research.
Cards are filed alphabetically by genus and species. Work was discontinued on this index in This subseries contains an alphabetical cross-reference index of common and scientific fiber plant names. It includes common names in English and other languages, usually those native to the regions in which plants are grown. Scientific names are identified by genus and species. This index was updated until the early s.
Fiber Specimen Samples. This set of cards documents fiber plant introduction PI numbers. The cards are arranged in alphabetical order by scientific name of plant. A majority of the cards are Division of Plant Exploration and Introduction request forms for seed and plant samples.
These forms were used by Office of Fiber Investigations employees to request seed and plant samples for experiment stations or other persons conducting fiber research. Some forms contain permits with plant introduction numbers and inspection stamps. This card index consists of handwritten and typed abstracted notes and references to literature on fiber diseases.
This card index contains references to literature on principal fiber plants. Topics covered include any of the following: botany, breeding, costs, cultural operations, diseases, distribution, exports, fertilizers, grading, harvesting, imports, labor, prices, production, propagation, rehabilitation, research, soil and climate, users, varieties, waste, and yield.
The following subseries were organized as distinct collections by the employees of the Office of Fiber Investigations. Each collection has an abbreviated code which appeared on index cards in the Dewey Index Subseries I. Materials relate to fiber production and usage proposals as well as unpublished reports on the following:.
Accompanying the manuscripts is a set of index cards in alphabetical order by genus and species name. The cards have a number which correlates to a manuscript. This subseries consists of foreign and domestic publications, promotional brochures, reprints and reports, and materials similar to those in Subseries II.
Manuscript File, except that these are predominantly published materials. Materials consist of volumes, which are arranged and bound mostly by subject and year. This group contains a variety of materials, both published and unpublished.
Items include letters, press releases, memoranda, circulars, reprints, and trip reports. The fiber seeds are packaged in plastic bags and labeled with fiber plant name. Most samples are of Kenaf. The textile samples that comprise this subseries were sent by Testfabrics, Inc.
Series includes black and white negatives glass and film , black and white prints mounted on paste-board held in binders, loose black and white prints, and color transparencies of fiber crops and research activities. The photographs in this set, mounted on card stock with typewritten descriptions, were considered by USDA fiber scientists to be the best representations of each fiber.
The prints were originally housed in post binders arranged by genus, species, and subject. Most photographs have a number that corresponds to a negative. Note that additional photographs are housed with the negatives; some are duplicates of mounted prints and others are unique. Negatives are housed in numbered and labeled envelopes. Occasionally, a print is enclosed with its negative in an envelope.
Some of the negatives are filed out of sequence and follow the main set of negatives. Albums in this subseries portray fiber plant production and processing both in Europe and the United States. This subseries includes two copies of the publication, one of which belonged to Elton G. This subseries consists of field station research reports. Many, but not all, are annual reports. There are also research reports from cooperating agencies, such as the Office of Cereal Investigations, and private companies.
The project files include surveys of potential cultivation areas, research reports, soil surveys, use surveys, and trip reports. The files also contain Brittain B. Several of these reports include photographs, clippings, copies of letters, maps, and other literature bound with the reports.
John Milton Webber was an associate cytologist and research agronomist. His yucca reports documented field trips; species, variations and distribution; estimated yields; propagation and growth; harvesting; fibers; and botanical problems. These reports include photographs. Materials include correspondence, telephone list, reference requests, fiber crops class syllabus, list of publications, personal belongings, and miscellaneous materials.
Most of the letters are signed Elton G. Nelson and a few are signed by B. Includes handwritten research data on multiple types of fiber. The materials are organized according to a table of contents. At least half of the pages are numbered. News clippings grouped by subject include flax , sisal hemp , hemp, fibers , and miscellaneous fibers. Many of the earliest clippings related to Charles R. These consist of two sets of six bound volumes of fiber plant research papers or articles authored by employees of two divisions within the U.
Over the past decade, the concept of utilizing green materials has become more mainstream. With considerable awareness of preserving the environment, sincere efforts across the globe can be cited in looking for bio-degradable and bio-based sources. Applications of bio-based materials from renewable and bio-degradable sources for preparation of higher valued green chemicals and bio-based products have forced many scientists to investigate the potential use of natural fibers as reinforcement materials for green bio-composites. Cellulosic fibers are becoming very interesting for bio-based material development as they possess advantages with their mechanical properties, low density, environmental benefits, renewability, and economic feasibility. Recently, natural-fiber polymer composites have received much attention for different industrial applications because of their low density and renewability.
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Hemp meaning in telugu
Choosing clothes made from natural plant fiber fabrics is green and good for the environment. The clothes are breathable, comfortable and can be easy to care for. Learn how to care for ten different natural fabrics, remove stains and keep your clothing looking great. Allo may be a fiber that is unfamiliar to Americans but it is a staple in Eastern culture. Allo, also known as Himalayan nettle Girardinia diversifolia , is a tall, stout herb. The bark is harvested because the fibers are strong, smooth and light in weight. The fabrics made from allo are naturally antibacterial and mold resistant.
Making Car Interior Components: Jute fibre shows huge potential
In ancient Egypt some 3 years ago, clay was reinforced by straw to build walls. Later on, the natural fibre lost much of its interest. Other more durable construction materials like metals were introduced. During the sixties, the rise of composite materials began when glass fibres in combination with tough rigid resins could be produced on large scale.
These tissues are made of lignins, gums, proteins, hemicellulose etc. The modern techniques try to replace the complicated, labor-intense treatment of the fibers by harsh chemicals — boiling in hot, concentrated alkaline or acidic concoctions under pressure. The results are not only polluting the environment and thus offsetting the advantages of the use of natural fibers but usually also damage the cellulose and weaken the fibers because of the aggressive chemical treatment. The method of Catalytic Advanced Oxidation revolutionizes the bast fiber upgrading by using hydrogen peroxid e H 2 O 2 combined with our Oxycatalyst to obtain clean, white natural cellulose fibers - through oxidative elimination of the non-cellulosic parts of the plant: lignins, gums, pectins, hemicellulose.
How to Wash 10 Natural Fiber Fabrics
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As the world is now keener on natural fibres and eco-friendly products, a French company is thinking of setting up a joint venture in Bangladesh for making jute-based car interior components. But you have to ensure quality jute," said Karim Behlouli, chief executive officer of NatUp Fibres, a leading French company based in Normandy. Talking to journalists visiting from Bangladesh in his office at Yvetot in Normandy last month, he said Bangladesh has a huge potential to become one of the major suppliers of jute to the global car industry. If the natural fibre is used in cars, it reduces the vehicle's weight and improves fuel efficiency. NatUp Fibres is one of the major suppliers of car components.
Natural Fiber Composites Slowly Take Root
Biodegradable Matrices and Composites View all 14 Articles. The increase in awareness of the damage caused by synthetic materials on the environment has led to the development of eco-friendly materials. The researchers have shown a lot of interest in developing such materials which can replace the synthetic materials. As a result, there is an increase in demand for commercial use of the natural fiber-based composites in recent years for various industrial sectors. Natural fibers are sustainable materials which are easily available in nature and have advantages like low-cost, lightweight, renewability, biodegradability, and high specific properties. The sustainability of the natural fiber-based composite materials has led to upsurge its applications in various manufacturing sectors. In this paper, we have reviewed the different sources of natural fibers, their properties, modification of natural fibers, the effect of treatments on natural fibers, etc. We also summarize the major applications of natural fibers and their effective use as reinforcement for polymer composite materials.
They do not damage the ecosystem, they can grow in different climatic zones and they recycle the carbon dioxide for the atmosphere. These plants can contribute to a better agricultural balance in Europe and they will contribute to the growing demand from an expanding population for cellulosic pulp in the next millennium. Some of these green plants like flax and hemp can be used for cleaning soil, polluted by heavy metals, by extracting and removing cadmium, lead, copper and others.
USDA Crop Fiber Research Collection
Containing 50, reference cards, thousands of reprints, manuscript materials, photographs, and specimens, the collection is particularly vital to research interests and projects involving the use of natural fibers. The collection spans the years to with the bulk of the collection dating from to It occupies boxes and linear feet of shelf space.
Natural Cellulose Fibers Upgrading
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based on the conversion of fibre into yarn , yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes.
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A Short Guide About Jute: Uses/Products, Growing & More
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Natural Fibers for Sustainable Bio-Composites
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